Thursday, December 09, 2004

Trowulan in the Present

Trowulan in Present Condition

After we have discussed Trowulan’s religion, government, and political system in the previous part, we will discuss all of those Trowulan’s system in this present time in this part. We will analyze, whether Trowulan, the capital city of great kingdom (Majapahit) in the past time from 13th to 15th century still use the same system like the past time or not. Of course, within seven centuries, almost all things and condition in the world changed, including religion, government, and political system in Trowulan. Those changes in our real life are caused by many things, like changes of culture, people, social life, other new religion, environment, and others.
First of all, we will discuss the religion system in Trowulan rigt now. Most of the people who live in Trowulan are Moslems, which become the major belief in Indonesia. It is about 95 percent of inhabitants there that are Moslems, while the rest profess other religion, such as Christian, Catholic, Buddha, and Hindu. There aren’t any local beliefs in Trowulan, which still exist in many rural area and rural people believe. They also don’t have certain outstanding religious doctrine which is different than others, although chance to have those things are big because they are used to be the preacher. It means that all of religion, praying places, religion rules, and its lesson in Trowulan are same with the other area. Besides, Trowulan doesn’t get any special rights and privileges or act from the government, for example have any special religion facilities such as religion museum, religious school, and others. Government take care the religion there with equal treatment as the other area, although Trowulan was a great religion places in the past. Until right now, they still live harmoniously like the way their ancestors used to. They can live harmoniously, because they appreciate, respect, and understand other religion’s rules and act, so it can be said that inhabitants there never have a fight or any serious problem with other people, wither in Trowulan or other area, due to different beliefs.
More over, political system which is applied in Trowulan right now also has the same political system like in Indonesia. Indonesia is a republic that uses democratic system as the political system, which runs the country. The basic philosophy of democratic system is freedom in any aspects of life, that clearly stated by the philosophy: from citizen, by citizen, and for citizen. Indonesia has already developed and used that philosophy. It can be show through direct election of choosing representative government together with president who leads and run the country. Those people should represent people’s hope and advice, make some policies, and so on in order to make this country great, wealthy, strong, powerful, and give welfare to the citizens. Like other provinces in Indonesia, Trowulan people also have a chance to have a representative in parliaments or president by joining general election. If they are elected with adequate voters, then they will become representatives in parliament or president who directly controls this country. Although Trowulan uses democratic system, they never create serious demonstration like social unrest, chaos, and so on In Indonesia. The reason is that they have already know that demonstration, social unrest, and so on only makes things worse, based on their bad previous experience (During Majapahit era, the people there often had demonstration, rebellion, social unrest, and so on, either inside of outside the kingdom that bring them to the ruin of Majapahit era). As a result, they don’t want to make that same thing happen again for the second time and they succeed in doing it. For international politic, Trowulan also continues their ancestor’s system. During Majapahit era, people there were active in building relationship with other foreign country in marriage, trading, religious relationship, education, and so on, so that they could get benefits and did not have war. Those things are still maintained well by their children. Nowadays, people in Trowulan are active to keep their relationship with other foreigner. Their products are brass statue, rock statue, and others. In general, Trowulan has an ordinary political system like the other areas in Indonesia without any privileges or special act from government or any serious demonstration or any rebellion.
Furthermore, the governmental system in Trowulan is like the other system which we have discussed, which mean the governmental system in Trowulan is also like the other areas in Indonesia. As we have already knows, Indonesia is a republic country, which means a country that is led by a president, and its subordinates. The stated one is the organizational chart in government at Indonesia.


President (Country) --- Parliament representative (Parliament)


Governor (Province)


District Head (Province Capital), Regent Head (Regent/ Kabupaten)



Subdistrict Head (Subdistrict/ Kecamatan)


Village Chief (Kelurahan)


Neighborhood leader (RW)


Residential leader (RT)


From that chart, we know that President is the leader who assigns his subordinates to control his citizen, so that he can monitor, give compulsory, making policy and so on to the entire citizen easily. Each subordinates of the president govern different level of area (district, province, and others) and area (Surabaya, Jakarta, Trowulan, and others). In addition, president is also helped by his ministries to run this country. Those ministries do not lead people, but they lead other department, such as education, sport, culture, law, and others. Trowulan is included as one of the regents and is led by a regent leader. Nowadays, there isn’t more physical fight due to power in governmental system like at the previous time. Nowadays, to get power, they must have an intellectual fight. Moreover, Trowulan act by the government as the other regent doesn’t have any authorized or unauthorized area leader, which means it doesn’t have any right to have any local government system, although that right exists in Indonesia like at Jogja province, due to the existence of kingdom in that place. That right cannot be given to Trowulan because the previous kingdom (Majapahit) had already been ruined before republic system in Indonesia was carried on.
Things like government system, political system, religion system, have already changed, but social status or stratification hasn’t changed. Actually, social status or stratification is one of Hinduism beliefs. It was inherited from generation to generation of Hinduism people, which was also adopted in Trowulan during Majapahit era, which is a Hinduism-Buddhism kingdom era in Indonesia, by the inhabitants there, whom most of them were profess Hinduism-Buddhism religion and beliefs. It becomes abolished nowadays. Right now, they are not classified through any status or condition and discriminated in any aspects of life as the previous time. They have equal right and facilities and are treated equally by every people.
Due to the changes, there are some good and bad effects. The good effects, in religious field, there are more kinds of religion then previous time which can give the people more freedom in choosing their own belief based on their conscience. Besides, it can create more differences in Trowulan, which can create a better place to lives. In governmental system, the government is more structural than previous time, so the people can be controlled easily. Besides, at previous time they used to physical fight for power in governmental system, but right now there is no more physical fight. In political system, democratic system gives more freedom to people than monarchy system that used in the past time. Consequently, people can express their opinion freely; even participate in running the country through being a representative in the parliament and all things and decision that taken by the government is clearly shown to the citizen. In stratification, there is no more social status system so everybody is not classified and treated equally.
For negative effects, in religious field, recently they cannot live harmoniously. Due to different religion/ beliefs, they can quarrel easily and it often continues from personal fight up to group of people fight, which can inflict loss upon many people. In governmental system, there are many corruptions in Indonesia, that Trowulan may also included in, which can inflict more loss upon Trowulan’s people than previous time, when people had physical fight for power. In political system, because of the freedom of expression, idea, decision, and so on, people can create more debate that often continue to a conflict than previous time. Not only that, but also it can’t be run smoothly because the system has just been applied in Trowulan, which included as Indonesia that is a growing and developing country.
As we can see right now, if we see Trowulan’s condition from Indonesia (all system in Trowulan that we have discussed is the same as in Indonesia), Trowulan is a weak province, because Indonesia country itself has many internal and external problems, especially in difficulties, terrorist, and so on. Actually, Trowulan and Indonesia deserved to be as great as the previous time, because the system in Trowulan is as good as previous time, but, it cannot be the same great like previous time. The reason is that the people who run the system in Indonesia are not the right man although the citizens have already obeyed the system very well. For example, most of the citizens have already paid the tax that is supposed to be used for public or country facilities, but that money were corrupted and used for some people only, therefore Indonesia as a growing and developing country cannot grow and develop as predicted by the government itself.

These are some causes of the changes in political, government, and religion system:

1. Because of the new coming religion/ beliefs (Islam and Christian that is the main aspect of social status abolishment), political, and political system, especially from overseas country that already develop and grow as a great country, which are applied in Indonesia.
2. The citizens become selfish so they concern more about their interest and life. It was caused by the increasing of daily needs price that come as the result of financial difficulties in this country and our weak condition, such as safety that isn’t stabile, policy that isn’t proper, and so on.
3. The citizens become clever so they cannot accept any policy easily.
4. Nationalism decadence. As a consequence, people don’t think this country, they more concern to their own life.
5. People want freedom of choosing religion, expression, and participate to run the country, human rights are more respected, which create those system’s change.
6. Used to be controlled by Dutch and Japanese which make many rebellion because they live miserably.
7. Frequent relationship with overseas which can affect Indonesian people’s lifestyle, because Indonesian people think that they have better lifestyle to carried on.
8. The development of technology.

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